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HomeStocksBonus Vs Split - What's The Deal With Your Shares?

Bonus Vs Split – What’s The Deal With Your Shares?

Have you ever opened your stock statement and been met with obscure terminology such as “bonus issue” and “stock split”? Don’t worry! These aren’t magic tricks or tax audits; they’re techniques for companies to manipulate their shares to benefit you.

Let’s crack the code of these market maneuvers: 

Bonus Issue: Free shares, free smiles

Imagine waking up to find extra money in your bank account. A bonus issue is kind of like that but with shares instead of cash. Companies “issue” you additional shares, usually for free, based on the shares you already own. Think of it like a mini-celebration where the company throws a confetti shower of extra ownership in your direction.

Pros:

  • More shares, more potential profit: If the share price stays stable or rises, you have more opportunities to make money when you eventually sell.
  • Increased liquidity: More shares floating around makes the stock more actively traded, potentially boosting its overall value.
  • Feel-good factor: Who doesn’t like free stuff, especially shares in a company they believe in?

Cons:

  • Dilution of ownership: While you get more shares, your percentage of ownership of the company shrinks proportionately. Think of it as dividing the same pie into more slices – each slice gets smaller.
  • Short-term dip: The sudden influx of new shares can temporarily depress the stock price.

Read: What Are Corporate Actions in Share Market

Stock Split: Dividing and conquering your shares

Think of a stock split like splitting a pizza. Instead of one big pie, you now have more, smaller slices (shares) of the same deliciousness (company ownership). The total value of your holding remains the same, but each share becomes more affordable.

Pros:

  • Psychological appeal: Lower share prices can attract new investors who might have been intimidated by the bigger price tag.
  • Increased liquidity: Smaller shares tend to be traded more frequently, boosting the stock’s overall activity.
  • No change in company value: You still own the same portion of the pie, just in smaller, easier-to-digest bites.

Cons:

  • No actual increase in wealth: Remember, you’re just dividing the same pie. The total value of your holding stays the same, even though you have more shares.
  • Possible short-term volatility: The split can trigger temporary price fluctuations as investors adjust to the new share price.

So, Bonus or Split? It’s not a binary choice:

Both bonus issues and stock splits can be positive developments for shareholders, but their impact depends on various factors like the company’s performance, market conditions, and individual investment goals.

Remember, do your research and understand the specific reasons behind the company’s action before popping the celebratory champagne.

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