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What Are Corporate Actions in Share Market

Investors often account for a blend of fundamental and technical factors when making investment decisions. Frequently, when investigating the reasons behind a rally in a particular stock’s value, investors explore corporate actions that might have fuelled bullish sentiment among investors.

Impact Of Corporate Actions On Price Movements

Given that corporate actions have a direct impact on share prices, they represent paramount factors that should not be overlooked by any investor. Businesses can engage in a range of corporate actions for various reasons.

Let’s delve into these actions to grasp their consequences and the crucial factors that investors should consider: 


When a company generates excess profit, it can allocate a portion of it as a dividend to its shareholders. Usually, stock prices experience an upswing after the dividend declaration date because investors are willing to pay a premium for the stock to secure their dividend payments. Prior to the ex-dividend date, those investors who purchase shares become eligible to receive the dividend.

Bonus Issue

When a company provides complimentary shares to its current shareholders, it is referred to as a bonus issue. These shares are allocated to shareholders in a predetermined ratio based on the number of shares they already own. To take advantage of bonus issues, investors need to be aware of both the ex-date and record date.

Stock Split

In a stock split, a company decreases the face value of each share by a predetermined ratio, thereby issuing additional shares to its current shareholders. This action is commonly taken when a company’s stock price reaches a level that makes it challenging for smaller investors to buy shares. Consequently, split shares often see an increase in value due to the reduction in the face value of the stock.

Share Buyback

A share buyback occurs when a company repurchases its own shares from the open market. This process benefits all shareholders because the company typically acquires the shares at a price higher than their market value, resulting in a profit for shareholders.  

Final Words

In conclusion, grasping the impact of corporate actions on stock prices is essential for savvy investors. Actions like dividends, bonus issues, stock splits, and share buybacks can significantly sway prices. By understanding these dynamics and their timing, investors can make more informed and strategic choices, potentially boosting their investment success. In a complex financial landscape, mastering the connection between corporate actions and price movements can be a pivotal skill for achieving investment goals. 

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